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How to Track & Measure SEO Performance


Search Engine Optimisation (SEO) is a fundamental facet of digital marketing. It represents a series of actions that aim to improve the visibility and ranking of a website in search engine results. The better your SEO strategies, the more likely it is that your site will appear among the top results when potential customers use a search engine like Google to look for products or services that your business offers.

But how can you gauge the effectiveness of your SEO endeavours? In the pursuit of a concrete answer, one must keep an eye on key metrics to gain insights into performance and identify areas for improvement. This article presents a comprehensive guide to monitoring the success of your SEO efforts using crucial metrics.

Analysing Organic Traffic

Organic traffic is arguably the most vital metric when it comes to evaluating SEO performance. Organic traffic refers to visitors that land on your page through unpaid search results. If your SEO strategies are effective, you should notice a steady increase in the volume of organic traffic to your website.

Google Analytics is an excellent tool for tracking this metric. It provides a wealth of data, including the number of organic visitors to your site, where they are coming from, the keywords they used to find your page, and their behaviour once they arrive. You can access this information by navigating to the ‘Acquisition’ tab, then ‘All Traffic’, and finally ‘Channels’ on your Google Analytics dashboard.

An increasing trend in organic traffic over time is a positive sign, but a sudden drop may indicate potential issues that require prompt attention, such as technical errors, algorithm updates, or an influx of spammy links.

Track and Measure SEO

Examining Keyword Rankings

Keyword ranking, another vital metric, is the position of your website in search engine results when a user searches for a specific keyword. Tracking keyword rankings helps you understand how well your site is performing for targeted keywords.

There are many tools available for tracking keyword rankings, such as Ahrefs or SEMrush. These platforms offer features that enable you to monitor your site’s ranking for specific keywords and how those rankings change over time. They also provide data on keyword volume, competition, and even suggest new keyword opportunities.

However, avoid obsessing over small ranking fluctuations. Search engine algorithms are complex and frequently updated, which can result in daily ranking changes. Focus on consistent, long-term improvements and on key search terms that are directly related to your business.

Click-Through Rate (CTR)

Click-through rate is another essential SEO metric. It represents the percentage of users who click on your website after it appears in their search results. A high CTR indicates that your site’s meta descriptions and title tags are appealing and relevant to the user’s query.

To find your site’s CTR, use Google Search Console. Go to the ‘Performance’ tab and view the ‘CTR’ column. This will provide you with data on your site’s overall CTR, as well as the CTR for individual pages and keywords.

Bear in mind that CTR can be influenced by numerous factors, including the position of your website on the search results page. Pages that rank higher usually have a higher CTR. Therefore, improving your keyword rankings can also boost your CTR.

Bounce Rate and Time on Page

The bounce rate and time spent on page are crucial engagement metrics. Bounce rate refers to the percentage of visitors who leave your website after viewing only one page. If your site’s bounce rate is high, it may mean that your site’s content isn’t resonating with your audience or fulfilling their needs.

Similarly, the time visitors spend on your page can indicate how well your content engages them. If visitors typically leave quickly, it suggests they aren’t finding what they’re looking for, or the content isn’t engaging enough.

Both of these metrics can be found on Google Analytics under the ‘Behaviour’ section. When reviewing these metrics, it’s essential to consider the context. For example, blog posts may have a high bounce rate because visitors read the article and then leave, while product pages with high bounce rates may indicate a problem that needs addressing.


Backlinks, or inbound links, are another crucial SEO metric. They are links from other websites that direct to your site. Quality backlinks can significantly improve your website’s search rankings, as they indicate to search engines that your site is a reputable and reliable source of information.

Track your website’s backlink profile with a tool like Moz Link Explorer or Ahrefs Backlink Checker. These tools will provide detailed data on the number of backlinks your site has, where they’re coming from, and their quality. Gaining high-quality backlinks from authoritative websites in your industry is a positive sign that your content is valuable and reputable.


Ultimately, the primary aim of any business website is to drive conversions, whether that’s making a purchase, downloading a resource, or filling out a contact form. This is why conversions are an essential metric for assessing SEO success.

Through Google Analytics, you can set up and track specific goals to understand how many visitors are completing desired actions on your site. This can be found under the ‘Conversions’ section. By monitoring conversions, you can gain insight into how effectively your SEO strategies are driving meaningful actions on your site.

Wrap Up

Evaluating the success of your SEO efforts doesn’t have to be a perplexing endeavour. By keeping a close eye on these key metrics—organic traffic, keyword rankings, CTR, bounce rate, time on page, backlinks, and conversions—you can gain a comprehensive understanding of your SEO performance. Armed with these insights, you can continually refine and optimise your strategies to improve your search rankings, attract more organic traffic, and ultimately, drive more conversions.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Frequently Asked Questions in SEO Performance

1. What is organic traffic?

Organic traffic refers to visitors who arrive on your website as a result of unpaid (‘organic’) search results. If your SEO strategy is effective, you should witness a steady increase in the number of organic users to your site.

2. How can I monitor keyword rankings?

Keyword rankings can be tracked using several tools, such as Ahrefs or SEMrush. These platforms provide data on your website’s ranking for specific keywords, along with the ability to track changes over time.

3. What is the significance of Click-Through Rate (CTR)?

CTR is the percentage of users who click on your website after it appears in their search results. A high CTR indicates that your site’s meta descriptions and title tags are attractive and pertinent to the user’s query.

4. Why should I track bounce rate and time on page?

The bounce rate and time spent on the page are valuable indicators of user engagement. A high bounce rate may suggest that your content is not meeting the needs of your visitors. Conversely, if visitors spend a significant amount of time on your page, it indicates that your content is engaging.

5. How important are backlinks for SEO?

Backlinks are crucial for SEO. They are a key factor in how search engines assess your site’s reputation and reliability. Having a healthy number of high-quality backlinks from authoritative sites in your industry signals that your content is valuable and trustworthy.

6. How can I track conversions?

Conversions can be tracked using Google Analytics. You can set up specific goals and monitor how many visitors are completing the desired actions on your site. This gives you a clear idea of how effectively your SEO strategies are driving meaningful engagement.